webGuinée
Politique, société, économie
La première décennie du régime PDG


Victor David Du Bois (1932-1983)
The independence movement in Guinea:
a study in african nationalism

Victor Daniel Du Bois - 1932-1983

Victor D. Du Bois has a particular interest in West Africa, especially the nations that once comprised French West Africa. Under a Ford Foundation Fellowship in 1959 he did the field work for a doctoral dissertation on Guinea. His research brought him into close contact with government officials, business and labor leaders, scholars, and other persons connected with or active in the Guinean political scene. As an undergraduate at Northwestern University he majored in anthropology . Shifting to the field of political science, he studied first at Northwestern and then at Princeton University which awarded him the Ph.D. in 1962. Dr. Du Bois has lectured on Africa and contributed chapters to books on African education and political affairs. He joined the American Universities Field Staff in 1962 to observe and report on developments in the newly independent French-speaking countries of Sub-Saharan Africa.

Contents

Part One — The historical background

  1. Chapter 1. Guinea: An Introduction
    1. The Geography of Guinea
    2. The Peoples of Guinea
    3. Pre-Colonial Guinea
    4. Contact with the West
    5. The French Conquest
    6. The Establishment of French Colonial Rule
    7. French Policy In the Inter-War Period

Part Two — The road to Independence

  1. The Nationalist Revolution In Postwar Africa
    1. The Spread of Nationalism in French West Africa
    2. The Bamako Conference: Founding of the Rassemblement Démocratique Africain
  1. Reform of the French Colonial System
    1. French West Africa Under Vichy
    2. The Brazzaville Conference, 1944
    3. The Constitution of 1946: Establishment of the French Union
    4. The Loi-Cadre, 1956
  1. The Evolution of Party Politics in Guinea, 1945-1956
    1. Political Activity in Guinea: 1945-1956
    2. The Loi-Cadre and Its Effect on Party Development in Guinea
    3. The Issue of Federalism
  1. Independence
    1. De Gaulle's Trip to French Black Africa
    2. De Gaulle In Guinea
    3. The Réunion Commune, September 17, 1958
    4. The Referendum, September 28, 1958
    5. The Transfer of Authority
    6. The P.D.G. and the R.D.A.

Part Three — The problems of national sovereignty

  1. Decolonization and Reconversion
  1. Building a Guinean Nationality
    1. Ethnic and Cultural Disparity of the Guinean Peoples
    2. Reduction of the Foulah Opposition
    3. The Anti-Government Plot (1960)
    4. The Religious Cleavage
    5. Recruitment of Women Into the Political Process
    6. Mobilization of the Youth
  1. Reorganization of the National Economy
    1. Reorientation of National Trade Policy
    2. Reorganization of National Economic Institutions
    3. Destruction of the Colonial Commercial Establishment
    4. Monetary Reform: Establishment of the Guinean franc
    5. Investissement Humain
    6. Inauguration of a National Industrialization Program: The Kankan Conference and the Triennial Plan
  1. Formulating a Foreign Policy
    1. Establishment of the Relations with France and the French community
    2. The Union with Ghana
    3. Formation of the Union of African States.
    4. The Commitment to Neutralism: Guinea's Role in the East-West Struggle
    5. The Communist Plot Against Touré

Part Four — Institutions of national rule

  1. The Government
    1. The National Government
    2. The Administration of Local Government
    3. The P.D.G. and the National Government
  1. The Parti Démocratique de Guinée
    1. Internal Party Organization
    2. Recruitment of Party Members
    3. Financial Sources and Controls
    4. Democratic Centralism
    5. The P.D.G. and Organized Labor
    6. The Party and the Intellectual
    7. The P.D.G and the Traditional Chiefs
    8. The Strategy, Technique and Style of Political Action of the PDG
  1. The Educational System
    1. Education In French Guinea
    2. Reform of the Educational System
    3. Countering French Influence
    4. English and Pan-African Unity
    5. The Implications of Educational Reform
  1. The Army
    1. The Problem of Returning Veterans
    2. Creation of the National Army
    3. The Army as a Cohesive Force in Guinean Society
    4. The Army and Politics

Part Five — Guinea's Role in the New Africa

  1. The Significance of Guinea's Independence
  1. Bibliography
  2. Appendixes
  3. The Constitution of the Republic of Guinea (English text)
  4. La Constitution de la République de Guinée (Texte français)
  5. Joint Ghana-Guinea Declaration
  6. Accords Franco-Guinéens du 7 janvier 1959
  7. Accomplishments Under Investissement Humain, 1959-1960
  8. Biographical Sketch of Sékou Touré

A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of Princeton University in Candidacy for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Recommended for Acceptance by the Department of Politics.
March, 1962

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